Thursday, July 9, 2020

The Challenges of Phobias In Everyday Life Paul Johnson Psychology - Free Essay Example

Introduction Could you imagine waking up everyday in fear that today could be the day that you have to deal with the one thing you cannot deal with, your constant fear, your phobia? Phobias dont just affect your life when the thing you fear is introduced it affects the everyday life. Having to constantly avoid the thing that causes you panic is stressful and must be annoying not being able to do things normally. Could you imagine not being able to walk or stand because youre terrified to? How about not being able to wash yourself because youre to afraid? Even make a decision but thats too horrifying or even the thought of leaving your house causes you panic.. Phobia A Phobia is basically something that you are terrified of, it can be literally anything that what makes phobias so random and terrifying. It doesnt matter what your Phobia is, your life will be based around the fact that you have to avoid that stimuli at all costs to avoid whatever reaction you may have such as panic attack, or being frozen I know someone whose phobia is puking and when it comes up she tries her hardest not to and is sometimes successful but not all the time and she pukes. But afterwards she goes into a state of shock then after has a panic attack because she puked. Its the not having control over oneself when certain stimuli are introduced to their environment, theyre so terrified they lose control of their body and mind and thats why they have to adjust their days to avoid that stimuli. Most phobias are caused from having a traumatic experience with the certain stimuli, or maybe just a bad memory from childhood. Arachnophobia Is the fear of spiders, which is a totally rational fear as there are so many species of spider and determining if that spider in the corner of the room is poisonous or not is not how anyone would want to spend their day. To some people, just the sight of a spider can send them into full blown panic, screaming, crying, hiding or freezing in place. Logically there are enough spiders on the planet to eat every human being in a year if they would actually eat a human that is. Not to mention avoiding them everywhere you go is close to impossible, there are about 1 million spiders per acre of land and in the tropics there are about 3 million per acre give or take. It can be debilitating trying to avoid the eight legged creatures with everyday life, but isnt the worst thing in the world. In a study recorded in the journal Emotion; Those with a fear of spiders, Arachnophobia are more likely to spot a spider, watch the spider unable to look away because of the overwhelming surge of fear. While those without the fear or phobia can gaze at the grass, study what is in the grass with no problem or fear. Ambulophobia Is the fear of stand or walking, this phobia is the equivalent to having both legs broken and youre unable to stand, walk and it prevents you from doing any day to day things. Obviously these people with ambulophobia have to get over their fear and walk and or stand everyday, could you imagine every time you stood up being filled with absolute terror? Every step you take gives you a panic attack. Sounds like a horrible life to live. Cibophobia Like ambulophobia, cibophobia is just impossible to get around, cibophobia is the fear of food. Could you imagine being terrified by food, the very thing that helps you stay alive and well. Youd have only two options, starve yourself thus ending your life in a very slow bad way or sucking it up and facing your fears everyday and eat the food you need to stay alive. Just the sheer thought of putting chips in your mouth and swallowing makes you cry and panic, that sounds like actual hell on earth. Hydrophobia The fear of water, sounds just a debilitating as cibophobia and ambulophobia but may not be as deadly so quickly as cibophobia unless you caught a dangerous bacterial infection from avoiding water, so not washing anything, your hair, face, hands and body. You would smell and look un-presentable at all times, you wouldnt be able to go out in public, swimming would terrify you I wonder if sweat terrifies them too since its water but from the body. Youd also be sick from being dehydrated, so headaches and bellyaches. Conclusion Most of the Phobias I have chosen to talk about like Ambulophobia, Cibophobia and Hydrophobia arent as popular as Arachnophobia, but they show just how crippling a fear of something can seem so small but its really not. All of the fears Ive chosen are there to put into perspective of fear itself you can be scared of just about anything, even breathing and it more than just complicates your life; It affects everyone around you. There is even a phobia of having a phobia for pet-sake. Phobias affect millions of people everyday, there are people living hard lives, forcing themselves to face their fears just to live a normal life. It just shows that there is no avoiding the phobia, there is facing it or running away making life worse for yourself and the people around you. Some phobias are worse, and more hands on with family or friends and partners, but some are minor and really only affect you. Isnt it crazy how ones fears can do that? Cause so much panic, and potentially ruin someones life, or even multiple people trying to run or hide, shelter themselves to not have to face their fears. Sometimes therapy doesnt work and help rehabilitate people, or when it does the people go back to their old ways of running and hiding, or they do as they were taught and keep exposing themselves facing their fears. Most recently people started using virtual reality therapy exposing people to their fears in a totally safe environment without actually exposing them it incredible! References Dingfelder, S. Phobias May Hijack Control of Eye-Gaze. American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, Jan. 2005, Dittmann, Melissa. When Health Fears Hurt Health . American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, 2005,

Thursday, July 2, 2020

What Is the Future of SAT Subject Tests

Why are Subject Tests required by drastically fewer colleges than a decade ago? Is the relevance and popularity of the tests actually diminishing? Are the tests likely to survive or will they be discontinued by the College Board? The perceived necessity of College Boards Subject Tests has been on the decline since 2005 when the SAT II Writing test was essentially folded into the SAT. Subject Tests are explicitly required (no substitutions or exceptions) by only five U.S. colleges, about 90% fewer than just a decade ago. Astute readers may note that the removal of the Subject Test requirement does not seem to correspond with a weakening of the competition for admission to these elite schools. In fact, the precipitous falloff in colleges requiring Subject Tests overlaps with increasingly lower admission acceptance rates and has resulted in only a modest decline in the numbers of students who choose to take Subject Tests anyway. A  likely explanation is that students are correctly divining the implied expectations of the more than 80 highly regarded colleges who may not express an official requirement but still recommend, consider, or substitute Subject Tests in their admission evaluations. We maintain a complete list here. What is the future of these tests that are explicitly required by so few colleges and taken by less than 1/10 of the students who take the SAT or ACT? Are the Subject Tests dead weight that will eventually be jettisoned, or will they stubbornly hang on? College Board CEO  Waffles on Fate  of Subject Tests At the National Association of College Admission Counselors (NACAC) annual conference in Columbus, OH in September, College Board CEO David Coleman was asked a trap question by a test prep insider: If a guessing penalty for wrong answers is bad (as Coleman had just stated), then why havent the Subject Tests been reengineered to follow the new SAT’s lead and drop the guessing penalty? I was in the audience listening carefully and expecting a dodge, but instead we heard the first public acknowledgment that the cost of redesigning Subject Tests might not make sense, because the tests may not be around forever. Coleman’s statement was officially disavowed a few weeks later by a member of his staff  in a post to the NACAC listserv: Subject Tests are not going away and more and more  students are taking Subject Tests (this claim of an increase is actually refuted by the College Board’s own data, as depicted in the chart below). However, in a walk-back of the walk-back, at the College Board Forum in Chicago in October, Coleman was again asked this question and again admitted that the fate of the Subject Tests program is unclear and will be determined by the â€Å"market.† The College Board is considering multiple avenues, one of which includes updating all of the tests to align with the new SAT scoring methodology. Also on the table is the possibility of updating only the most popular subjects and letting go of subjects like World History and some of the language tests. Coleman was intentionally vague about when College Board would announce its  plans. Audience members were  left to wonder whether the organization’s leader is simply drifting off-message in his public remarks or whether we should take at face value his intimation that Subject Tests may not survive. The latter seems like the safer bet. Ironically, this question of whether Subject Tests, nà ©e SAT IIs, nà ©e Achievement Tests, will be saved, executed, or allowed to die slowly is playing out against a backdrop in which College Board has fallen in love with achievement, rather than aptitude, as the 21st century raison detre for its exams. In a Common Core world, when tests reflecting student achievement are held up as the gold standard, why is there so little affection for the tests that used to have Achievement in their name? Below we try to unpack what this all means for students and what the future might hold. (A hat-tip to my colleague and co-author Art Sawyer for his analysis and color commentary.) Popularity of Subject Tests Over Time Subject Tests have been given so many stays of execution for a number of reasons, and the best measure of whether Subject Tests still matter is in the number of students still taking them. Students are making perfectly rational decisions about Subject Tests — although sometimes in response to irrational college policies. Students must make decisions that keep options open and serve as insurance. For many, Subject Tests are a precautionary purchase. You may not need insurance, but if you do, you really want it in place. Subject Test test-taker behavior is certainly more rational than the 60% of SAT and ACT takers who spend money on the SAT and ACT essays relative to the 10% of colleges that still require those essays. This reveals that parents and students are conservative when it comes to evolving advice. It took decades of assurances that â€Å"the SAT and ACT are treated equally† for the SAT and ACT to achieve near parity in the marketplace. Even now, though, the most competitive colleges still receive more SAT scores than ACT scores. Here are the  trends in numbers of test-takers and numbers of tests taken since 2000.Footnotes:  1*  The class of 2005 was the last to take the old SAT II Writing test. For the class of 2006, this test was essentially incorporated into the SAT as part of the overhaul that resulted in the SAT being three separate scores totaling 2400.  2*  Even though the SAT II Writing was folded into the SAT in 2005, the number of Subject Test takers continued to increase for a variety of reasons but in part because now students had to experiment to find the next best alternative.  3*  The class of 2011 was the last class required to take Subject Tests to be considered for admission at the University of California campuses. As highlighted earlier in this post, many other colleges have joined the UCs in backing away from explicitly requiring Subject Tests of their applicants. These colleges tend to be selective, needing tools to help evaluate students abilities relative to one another and students’ readiness for challenging college coursework. And, like the UCs, these colleges are concerned about diversity and equity issues. Subject Tests can be barriers for students who are under-represented minorities or low-income and who lack access to the educational opportunities and counseling support that are reflected in Subject Test scores. All of the above means that College Board is in an awkward position and faces a difficult decision. Redesigning and continuing to offer tests with limited popularity is an expensive proposition. Killing off Subject Tests would be a politically precarious move at a critical juncture. Having Subject Tests simply die off might be even more embarrassing. Culling or Killing The way College Board has allowed the language tests to wither is a good example of prestige over profits. The language tests are deadweight; they number more than half (12) of the subjects College Board must maintain but account for less than 10% of tests taken. 330 students took Modern Hebrew last year, 438 German w/ Listening, 492 Italian. Most of the students taking the language tests are simply demonstrating basic proficiency in their first language (97.5% of Korean with Listening testers were native speakers and averaged a 771); many colleges do not find this feat especially distinguishing. Chinese and Japanese language tests were added explicitly at the bidding of the UCs, and Korean soon followed. Even after the patron (UC) bowed out of the program entirely, though, it has proved dicey politically for College Board to drop the unpopular language tests. The language exams are the SAT Essay of the Subject Test world. The support for the tests is such an afterthought that the language exams with a listening component still require a portable CD player! The class of 2019 has never lived in a world without an iPod. College Board might as well require a slide rule for Math 2. Rational Decisions For many students, taking Subject Tests is a safe decision in an uncertain world. You don’t want to miss the windows to take Subject Tests only to realize in summer before 12th grade that there are colleges on your list at which the tests are required or expected. Did you have Honors Bio in sophomore year? Might as well take the Biology Subject Test. You never know. When the UCs required Subject Tests, it meant not just dictating the behavior of all applicants, it meant dictating the behavior of all potential applicants. The aspirational schools still do the same thing. If you want to be technical about it, none of the HYPS require Subject Tests. Their level of â€Å"requirement† is one of degrees, but the gist is still â€Å"submit these unless you have a really good reason not to submit them.† 35,000 students apply to Harvard each year, but a significant multiple of that number consider applying at some point in their high school career. Maximizing Options Subject Tests are among the closest thing to a â€Å"freebie† as students can have. Withholding Subject Tests from view by exercising Score Choice is always in play, whether by explicit policy or through juror nullification. Taking a Subject Test should never decrease my options other than by squeezing out an SAT date (which, admittedly, is not inconsequential). Submitting Subject Tests might decrease my options. Being required to submit tests might decrease my options. But taking Subject Tests is about increased options and precaution. The Power Tests The crown jewels are Math 2, Biology E/M, Chemistry, and Physics. Those tests represent not just the most dependable tests; they represent the most important. Take them away, and you’ll have some painful meetings with engineering deans. A quote from a recent NACAC report titled Use of Predictive Validity Studies to Inform Admission Practices: For engineers [at College J], factoring in the math II subject test [sic] relegated all three SAT sections to negligible impact. Colleges love STEM. Almost 70% of Subject Tests taken are the math and science exams. Students want to prove their bona fides for science, pre-med, engineering, and dual-degree programs. Plain old SATs and ACTs cannot reveal expertise in these subjects. Equity issues, as much as predictive utility, have always been a driver of Subject Test policy. For a while, the tests drove decisions in favor of increasing equity. Multilingual students would have something to offset any weaknesses in English. That didn’t last long. It became clear that the better equity play might be to remove subject tests from the equation. Consider Subject Test policy decisions as controlled by forces similar to those driving Test Optional policies. One of the worst things you can do as an admission office is turn away strong candidates before they even apply. Require Subject Tests, and youve put up a barrier that blocks some students. Don’t require Subject Tests, and you’ve taken away an effective sorting tool (at some colleges and for some programs). The best of both worlds is to use â€Å"signaling† to retain Subject Tests for many students while removing them as an absolute barrier. The key is to use language that the bulk of students will decide requires Subject Tests while allowing the language to signal to others that they can apply without Subject Tests. Examples of signaling are readily available: Dartmouth does not require Subject Tests: We recognize that taking subject tests may represent a financial hardship for some students. If this is the case for you, we will consider your application without subject test scores. Yale does not require Subject Tests: You may wish to consider whether there are particular areas of academic strength you would like to demonstrate to the Admissions Committee. Subject Tests can be one way to convey that strength. Princeton does not require Subject Tests: Some students may find the cost of taking and submitting SAT Subject Tests to be prohibitive. Please note you will not be penalized for not submitting SAT Subject Tests if the cost of taking the tests causes financial hardship. (Either that’s very poorly written, or it signals that you can be penalized for not taking Subject Tests when no financial hardship is involved.) Stanford does not require Subject Tests: Applicants who do not take SAT Subject Tests will not be at a disadvantage. Stanford’s wording should be Exhibit A of signaling and double-speak. If there is no disadvantage, then why does your official policy state that Subject Tests are highly recommended? If you consider something supportively for those who do submit, then you are putting students who do not submit at a disadvantage. Which is it? The Bottom Line  is the Bottom Line How many colleges say, â€Å"We require that you occupy a leadership position in an extracurricular activity?† Few even say that a leadership position is recommended. The attention accorded Subject Tests in policies at elite schools signals that students should try to differentiate themselves with that means. (Of course there are also specialized situations where students are in particular need of Subject Tests, such as for those applying to dual-degree programs or competitive STEM programs and for homeschooled and international students.) The bottom line, though, is the College Boards bottom line. It is increasingly difficult to justify the RD and administration effort for Subject Tests. This is why we’ve seen the material grow stale, with tests repeated perennially and no attempts made to reinvigorate them. As usual, students will wade into these choppy waters and try to make it to the other side despite the conflicting navigational information. Colleges and the College Board (their member-governed organization) have been unable to introduce more flexibility and choice and opportunity into admissions without dragging in more complexity and confusion. Our goal at Compass is to help you cut through the confusion and make the tactically correct decision in your particular situation. Feel free to contact us to evaluate your Subject Test needs and plans.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Leadership Style and Their Effects on Ceos - 812 Words

Leadership Styles and Their Effect on CEOs Leadership Style and Their Effect on CEOs LaKisha Feggins November 21, 2012 Leadership Styles and Their Effect on CEOs Abstract The purpose of this essay is to analyze, compare, and contrast the leadership styles of two influential CEOs. I have collected information from many internet sources that elaborate on the life, achievements, and misfortunes of Jack Welch and Steve Jobs, and how they overcame their obstacles to become the best CEOs of all time. Leadership Styles and Their Effect on CEOs Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive. Jack Welch and Steve Jobs†¦show more content†¦He managed to make GE the world’s second largest company with a market capitalization that was only exceeded by Microsoft. Through hard work and perseverance Welch managed to attain legendary status of being one of the greatest CEOs of all time. Leadership Styles and Their Effect on CEOs Steve Jobs was an entrepreneur, co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc. As the CEO of the company, Jobs covered the development of the iMac, iPod, iPhone, and iPad, and on the services side the company’s Apple Retail Stores, iTunes store, and the App store. The success of these products under Jobs provided stable years of financial return, and propelled Apple to become the world’s most valuable publically traded company. The reinvigoration of the company is regarded by commentators as one of the greatest turnarounds in business history (Gallo, 2011). Jobs was a â€Å"one-in-a-billion† innovator with a bulldog mentality. He created a vision and relentlessly drove it into completion. Jobs was a demanding perfectionist who always aspired to position his business and products at the forefront of the technology industry by understanding and setting trends with innovation and style. His reputation was built on being a brutal force and often destroyed staff for their â€Å"bozo† ideas and typically shrugged off his associates suggestions in favor of his own gut instinct. Moreover, he only wanted what he called â€Å"A-players†. Meaning that they had to beShow MoreRelatedLeadership Styles Of A Ceo1275 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction This paper examines the leadership styles of a CEO and a Vice President in a successful mid-sized company. Its main objectives are to identify the individuals’ leadership approaches, evaluate the effects of their leadership styles on the performance of employees, offer actionable recommendations for improving their leadership effectiveness, and conclude with brief remarks. Analysis of Vice President Leadership Style The following is a list of accusations lobbed against the VP, whatRead MoreRole Of Western National Insurance Company1045 Words   |  5 PagesExecutive Officer (CEO) in an attempt to turn around the failing company. The new CEO engaged the organizations stakeholders to understand their concerns and issues of the company, before making any decisions or changes. He was also self-aware and he understood the needs and motivations of his team, which helped him grow the employees, and the overall effect was an enhanced organizational capacity. By insuring stakeholder inclusion and being a transformational leader, the new CEO of Western NationalRead MoreCritical Analysis On Gender Stereotypes1072 Words   |  5 Pagesleads to individuals treating women and men differently. As a society we continue to uphold a social structure that favors patriarchy and brands gender specific characteristics as opposed to removing gender from the equation and simply classifying leadership traits. Body Gender classification This gender specific classification is highlighted in Dr. Sandra Lipsitz Bem’s Sex Role Inventory. The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) is a measure based on gender stereotypes, in which Dr. Bem categorized 20Read MoreSteve Ballmer As A Leader Of Microsoft1067 Words   |  5 PagesGood leadership is a process of influencing ans encouraging people to work as a team with efficiency to achieve the organizational goals (Drouillard Kleiner, 1996). Different leaders has different leadership styles, a good leadership style can be very efficiency for an organization which can develop and encourage employees. According to Darling and Leffel’s (2010) framework, this essay will discuss how Steve Ballmer as a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Microsoft, the leadership styles as bothRead MoreThe Brisbane Branch Of Dare Advertising1390 Words   |  6 Pages1. Introduction Due to reduced profitability in the company, a new CEO was brought into the company 12 months ago. While the company has improved its profit growth in the last year, many of the changes have not been met with agreement from some of the senior management team. This report will analyse the issue currently facing the Brisbane branch of DARE Advertising, in which changes brought in by the new CEO, David Hopkins, have not been favourably received. This will be achieved by detailing howRead MoreLeadership Style For 21st Century1477 Words   |  6 PagesLeadership Style for 21st Century When we analyze the success of large corporations like Ford, General Electric and International Business Machines, it is evident that they had series of leaders who were visionary and believed in empowerment of people. When we analyze tough phases of a company or companies that had a fall and ultimate demise, we clearly see a linkage between failure of company and absence of effective leadership (Canwell, Dongrie, Neveras, Stockton, 2014). The successful organizationRead MoreLord Martin Phalen : An Influential Leader861 Words   |  4 Pagesexperiences, ROAR offered him the position of CEO. Should Earl became CEO of ROAR? Should Earl became CEO of ROAR? Yes, he was readily emergent leader! Fear of established organization in the educational system, national pride, and contemporary outdated ideas concerning in both expansion and established employee had significantly more influence on established organizational structures than did the voices of innovation and entrepreneurship in the role of CEO. In comparison of his previous organizationsRead MoreCase Study : Carly Fiorina And Her Tenure As Ceo Of Hewlett Packard ( Hp )1556 Words   |  7 PagesCarly Fiorina and her tenure as CEO of Hewlett Packard (HP), to determine elements of leadership identified in the article. Additionally, the reasons for her failure will be determined by applying leadership theory and analysing how those theories address that failure. Initially, it is important to look at her motives to lead to gain an insight into her behaviours. This will influence the leadership style that is adopted and this style needs to be examined f or its effect on her failure. Importantly,Read MoreJulie Essay1113 Words   |  5 PagesAlaska in 2006 and also the Gulf of Mexico explosion in the BP oilfield in 2010, and these occurrences have had effects on the BP’s reputation and the business performance. As a new chief executive officer, Tony Hayward was recruited in June 2007 and he took over for BPs highly-respected former CEO Lord Browne. The new CEO of BP may be able to use his own leadership or management style to change the culture of the organization and also try to help the business to grow and improve better. HoweverRead MoreLeadership Style And Emotional Intelligence1734 Words   |  7 PagesLeadership Style and Emotional Intelligence Many organizations and groups are established each day, but only a few realize their dreams. Although many factors are responsible for the differences in success and failure of organizations, leadership is a prime factor. Leaders play a significant role in determining the success or failure of an organization. Management studies have attempted to understand leadership including defining the skills that a leader requires to become successful. Emotional

The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald - 1489 Words

Aiswariya Ramaswamy Mrs. Orrick ELA 11, Hour 4 12 December 2014 Happiness is the Key to Success The concept of success is commonly misinterpreted by society solely as the achievement of certain materialistic goals. In literature, this idea is disproved through the in-depth analysis of a character’s emotional turmoil and internal conflicts in contrast to their success in social and economical aspects. F. Scott Fitzgerald, in his novel The Great Gatsby, reveals that true success involves two levels: worldly possessions and emotional nirvana. Jay Gatsby serves to epitomize Fitzgerald’s view on how monetary success does not always lead to the attainment of one’s ultimate goal of satisfaction and euphoria. Gatsby has all the wealth and influence a man could wish for, yet he is chronically isolated and delusional when it comes to the aspect of love and claims that â€Å"[He] will fix everything it just the way it was before†¦ She’ll [Daisy] see† (Fitzgerald, 110). This statement proves that Gatsby’s ultima te goal was not to increase his net worth, but to use the money in order to lure Daisy back into his life and attain emotional exuberance. As time progresses in the novel, it is apparent that Gatsby’s unhealthy desire for Daisy increases even as his wealth proliferates, and his fiscal success only seems to create further agitation. In the novel, Gatsby’s lavish parties make him the talk of the town, and he is envied by society since their view of success is solely financial. ThisShow MoreRelatedThe Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald1393 Words   |  6 PagesF. Scott Fitzgerald was the model of the American image in the nineteen twenties. He had wealth, fame, a beautiful wife, and an adorable daughter; all seemed perfect. Beneath the gilded faà §ade, however, was an author who struggled with domestic and physical difficulties that plagued his personal life and career throughout its short span. This author helped to launch the theme that is so prevalent in his work; the human instinct to yearn for more, into the forefront of American literature, where itRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1343 Words   |  6 PagesHonors English 10 Shugart 18 Decemeber 2014 The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald s 1925 novel The Great Gatsby is a tragic love story, a mystery, and a social commentary on American life. The Great Gatsby is about the lives of four wealthy characters observed by the narrator, Nick Carroway. Throughout the novel a mysterious man named Jay Gatsby throws immaculate parties every Saturday night in hope to impress his lost lover, Daisy Buchanan. Gatsby lives in a mansion on West Egg across from DaisyRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1155 Words   |  5 PagesThe Great Gatsby The Jazz Age was an era where everything and anything seemed possible. It started with the beginning of a new age with America coming out of World War I as the most powerful nation in the world (Novel reflections on, 2007). As a result, the nation soon faced a culture-shock of material prosperity during the 1920’s. Also known as the â€Å"roaring twenties†, it was a time where life consisted of prodigality and extravagant parties. Writing based on his personal experiences, author F. ScottRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1166 Words   |  5 Pagesin the Haze F. Scott Fitzgerald lived in a time that was characterized by an unbelievable lack of substance. After the tragedy and horrors of WWI, people were focused on anything that they could that would distract from the emptiness that had swallowed them. Tangible greed tied with extreme materialism left many, by the end of this time period, disenchanted. The usage of the literary theories of both Biographical and Historical lenses provide a unique interpretation of the Great Gatsby centered aroundRead MoreThe Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald845 Words   |  3 PagesIn F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby, colors represent a variety of symbols that relate back to the American Dream. The dream of being pure, innocent and perfect is frequently associated with the reality of corruption, violence, and affairs. Gatsby’s desire for achieving the American Dream is sought for through corruption (Schneider). The American Dream in the 1920s was perceived as a desire of w ealth and social standings. Social class is represented through the East Egg, the WestRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald Essay970 Words   |  4 Pagesrespecting and valuing Fitzgerald work in the twenty-first century? Fitzgerald had a hard time to profiting from his writing, but he was not successful after his first novel. There are three major point of this essay are: the background history of Fitzgerald life, the comparisons between Fitzgerald and the Gatsby from his number one book in America The Great Gatsby, and the Fitzgerald got influences of behind the writing and being a writer. From childhood to adulthood, Fitzgerald faced many good andRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald2099 Words   |  9 Pagesauthor to mirror his life in his book. In his previous novels F. Scott Fitzgerald drew from his life experiences. He said that his next novel, The Great Gatsby, would be different. He said, â€Å"In my new novel I’m thrown directly on purely creative work† (F. Scott Fitzgerald). He did not realize or did not want it to appear that he was taking his own story and intertwining it within his new novel. In The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, he imitates his lifestyle through the Buchanan family to demonstrateRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1607 Words   |  7 Pages The Great Gatsby is an American novel written in 1925 by F. Scott Fitzgerald. One of the themes of the book is the American Dream. The American Dream is an idea in which Americans believe through hard work they can achieve success and prosperity in the free world. In F. Scott Fitzgerald s novel, The Great Gatsby, the American Dream leads to popularity, extreme jealousy and false happiness. Jay Gatsby’s recent fortune and wealthiness helped him earn a high social position and become one of the mostRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1592 Words   |  7 PagesMcGowan English 11A, Period 4 9 January 2014 The Great Gatsby Individuals who approach life with an optimistic mindset generally have their goals established as their main priority. Driven by ambition, they are determined to fulfill their desires; without reluctance. These strong-minded individuals refuse to be influenced by negative reinforcements, and rely on hope in order to achieve their dreams. As a man of persistence, the wealthy Jay Gatsby continuously strives to reclaim the love of hisRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1646 Words   |  7 PagesThe 1920s witnessed the death of the American Dream, a message immortalized in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Initially, the American Dream represented the outcome of American ideals, that everyone has the freedom and opportunity to achieve their dreams provided they perform honest hard work. During the 1920s, the United States experienced massive economic prosperity making the American Dream seem alive and strong. However, in Fitzgerald’s eyes, the new Am erican culture build around that

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

“Elderly Care Attitudes of Nurses” - 976 Words

NURSES ATTITUDE TOWARD THE ELDERLY The world is aging; however chronological age may have little relation to the reality of aging. When caring for this group of people nurses must consider culture, ethnic and racial diversities. Elderly clients will expect that the nurse render culturally competent care and one major aim is to help promote independence and help client maintain or restore activities of daily living. The age 65 becomes the boundary of old age. Why does the age group continue to grow, Erickson said longer life span, better medicine, better treatment and better diagnosis testing answers the question. Diversity is also increasing due to naturalization and immigration, a majority of older adult live in†¦show more content†¦In long-term care settings registered nurses (nurses) hold neutral to slightly positive attitudes towards the elderly, although these attitudes are less positive than nurses in teaching, health department or rehabilitate services areas. However, nurses in long term settings do have more positive and less negative attitudes toward the elderly than either licensed practitioner nurses or nursing aides. Nurses in long term settings have been reported to having an interest in working in this area although they feel their skills were not appropriately used and working there highlights problems for their own old age when they fear they, like their older patients, will be made to feel useless and not needed. Negative aspects of this work are: high dependency of patients, structure of nursing work with older patients and lack of staffing. Little research has examined the care older patients receive in the acute care setting – a potentially dangerous place for older patients. These patients are more likely to develop post-operative complications and nosocomial infections than younger patients. In some hospitals their dependence is encouraged as it is quicker ‘to do’ for older patients and they are discharged with lower levels of functioning than they had on admission. Older patients are discharged to their homes and many receive limited family or community assistance. They are often uninformed about their illness and recovery,

International Relations Theories And Global Climate Change...

Introduction: Why has a collective, global solution to climate change become stuck? What international relations theories can explain this and how can they facilitate better cooperation between countries? A global climate change solution has been stuck due to the unwillingness or inability of developed nations like the U.S. to take responsibility of their large share of the past and current greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing emissions in developed countries is not enough, and the weighted action needed cannot be equal between developed and developing nations. This means we cannot expect large developing countries such as India and China to reduce their emissions at the same rate as the U.S., or other developed nations. The Paris Climate Agreement has been ineffective in the sense that the agreement is not binding or you could say lacks obligation. Another reason why a collective action has been stuck is the problem of the lack of uniform acceptance that climate change is real, most notably i n the U.S, which creates a battle internally on how to address it. This lack of acceptance can influence the policy of states, such as the U.S., which has directly contributed to the U.S.’s inability to meet their requirements in the Paris Climate Agreement. Also, the power of private interests can have major effects on policy, especially in a political system such as the U.S. Institutionalism and Constructivism are two international relations theories that can explain thisShow MoreRelatedThe Issue Of Global Politics1523 Words   |  7 PagesWhat do you believe to be the most pressing issue in global politics today? â€Å"Climate change is a large-scale, long-term shift in the planet s weather patterns or average temperatures† . In 2006, Al Gore highlighted a problem hinted at for years, climate change, in his documentary The Inconvenient Truth, and this essay will explain why this problem is still the most important issue in global politics, despite receiving less coverage in world press. With major problems such as rising sea levels andRead MoreThe Impact Of Neoliberal Institutionalism On The United States Of International Relations Theory1316 Words   |  6 PagesRAL INSTITUTIONALISM Neoliberal Institutionalism is one of many schools of international relations theory often used to both describe and predict trends and characteristics of the global political landscape. The ‘new’ liberal institutionalist school of international relations theory owes it roots to the functional integration study of the 1950’s and 1960’s, and the complex interdependence scholarship of the 1970’s and 1980’s (Lamy p.132). As part of the larger umbrella of liberal approaches, neoliberalRead MoreGlobal Warming And The Kyoto Protocol1470 Words   |  6 Pagesthe global warming agenda and tackle the issues surrounding the Kyoto Protocol. The second part will look at climate change and the protocol from the respective lenses of realism and liberalism. I will argue that while none of the theories precisely covers the entirety of the issue, each provides helpful analysis falls short of clarifying the entire climate change picture. Can states cooperate e ffectively through the structure of the Kyoto protocol to solve an international problem of global warmingRead MoreU.s. Department Of State And The United States Agency Of International Development Essay915 Words   |  4 PagesDepartment of State and the United States Agency of International Development (USAID) has published five strategic goals.1 Under these goals they have formulated a total of thirteen objectives to give the strategy a more specific direction. In these strategic objectives there is representation of Wilsonian, Hamiltonian, Jeffersonian, and Jacksonian ideals. Current U.S. foreign policy certainly has a strong Wilsonian flavor. However, Wilson’s theory alone does not accurately portray U.S. foreign policyRead MoreRealism Is The Most Convincing Paradigm For International Relations? Essay1579 Words   |  7 PagesCONVINCING PARADIGM FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS? WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF REALISM AS A THEORY FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS? Realism has dominated international relations theory since emerging in the 1930’s. The era of state conflict lasting from the 1930’s to the end of the cold war in 1947, proved the perfect hostile environment to fit the largely pessimistic view of world politics. While many aspects of realism are still alive in International Relations today; including the dominantRead MoreState Centricity Is Vital On The Understanding Of Neo Realist Thought Essay1470 Words   |  6 Pagesdecision-making processes are made by the state rather than international actors. Consequently, the state-centric approach deals predominately with the state being of utmost importance in relation to other global matters. However this approach fails to appropriately deal with the global problem that is climate change. Thus climate challenges this notion of state-centricity within the realist discourse. Combatting climate change requires international commitment and participation. However in the modern dayRead MoreThe Heartland Institute: Summary and Major Findings on Climate Change824 Words   |  3 Pagesfunding deniers of global warming and climate change, and is mostly funded by large corporations like Microsoft and GlaxoSmithKline, and wealthy Right-wingers like the Koch Brothers. Recently leaked documents from the Heartland Insider posted on the Internet showed that the Institute has been preparing a new curriculum against teaching about these subjects in the public schools. In 2008-12, the Institute also gave $1.6 million to the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change, which existsRead MoreCritique Nigel Dowers Perspective Of Ethical Development And Globalization1722 Words   |  7 PagesClimate change is related to globalization and development similarly to how economics is related to globalization and development, but with one additional step. Dower (p1. 200 5) explains the relationship as follows: â€Å"globalization is an economic process involving increased international investments and trade in goods and services. Development is a process of economic growth. Globalization is the engine of economic growth. So globalization is the engine of development.† For this paper, I will useRead MoreGlobal Warming Is One Of The Most Important Issues Today s Society Essay1489 Words   |  6 PagesCurrently, global warming is one of the most important issues in today’s society. But, what is the actual meaning of global warming. According to, global warming is an increase in the earth s average atmospheric temperature that causes analogous changes in climate and that may result from the greenhouse effect. I have read a tremendous amount of books and articles regarding global warming. What are the effects, main causes and how the world should stand and try to reduce what causesRead MoreClimate Change Has Become The Most Pressing Issue Of Our Time1448 Words   |  6 PagesIt is best put bluntly: climate change has become the most pressing issue of our time. It is a concern so urgent that many say we have already passed a point in which we cannot recover; we can merely hope to minimize the damage. It is an issue that has found its way to the forefront of many governmental platforms, regardless of political affiliation. Most recently, APEC - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation – held its yearly summit in Beijing, the capital of the world’s greatest polluter: China. However

Ashtray Of Society Essay Example For Students

Ashtray Of Society Essay The Ashtray of SocietyOut in the cold, a lone member of society stands alienated from the rest of the world. A plume of smoke rises from her mouth; this is what sets her apart from the rest of the population, the fact that she smokes. In the last decade, this has been happening as people become staunchly more politically correct. It has almost become a crime to smoke in this country as the years progress. Is this right? Should smokers be treated this way, are they worse than the rest of society just because of their habit? Smokers have been banned from almost ever facility in this nation, save some fast food restaurants and bars. Almost all the nice restaurants have eliminated smoking sections, and for what reason: to quell the cry of all the nonsmokers in this world? If these people had their way all the smokers would be crammed into a rocket and shot off to farthest reaches of the universe. Why have smokers been driven out of public places when there are efficient ways of eliminating secondhand smoke? There are machines called smoke eaters that have been scientifically proven to eliminate 98% of the toxins found in secondhand smoke. Why are these overlooked when legislation is passed making it illegal to have smoking sections in public buildings? I do not have the answers to these questions, only the politicians do. Ithaca College is not above these ridiculous laws. Ithaca College is trying to pass legislation that bans smoking from certain out door areas of the campus. How ridiculous is this. Smokers are not only banned from all indoor areas but now we are confined to certain outdoor areas. President Peggy Williams wants this to go through and says it is time to make a stand. I say that all the smokers of this nation should ban together and put an end to this tyranny that makes our lives more difficult every year. We must stop them from discriminating against us. I believe that smokers should have the right to smoke anywhere outdoors and in certain areas indoors where efficient second hand smoke elimination procedures are in place. I need no backing for the outdoors claim because if smokers are not permitted to smoke outdoors than where are they allowed to smoke, only in their houses with the windows closed and the blinds drawn? I hope this never happens because if it does there will be a copious number of extremely aggravated people wandering the streets just trying to get home so that they can have a cigarette. As for the indoor part of the argument well, it is very simple. As stated before, smoke eaters make the environment safe for nonsmokers sitting in their nonsmoking sections. Also, the claim that some unfiltered air can escape from the smoking section and into the nonsmoking section, big deal. So many things now have been found to cause cancer it is almost impossible to get through a day with out taking in some sort of carcinogen. An example of this is found in a recent study of foods that Americans consume. In this study carcinogens were found in food that had been barbecued. Is barbecue going to be eliminated all together or only allowed in certain designated areas? One more point that I would like to bring up before I end my tirade is tolerance. People are so concerned about teaching tolerance to todays youth it is ridiculous. Parents are encouraged to instill in their children tolerance for everything but heavy drug addicts, criminals and smokers. Are smokers that bad a fraction of society that we should be discriminated against by society as a whole? I can see if we were alcoholics getting drunk everyday and causing damage, both emotionally and physically to the people and things around us but we are not. I also see the argument coming up next, physical damage due to second hand smoke and I have answer to it. How much damage do you think is caused by one whiff of smoke entering you lungs as you walk past a smoker, the answer is next to nothing. .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c , .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .postImageUrl , .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c , .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:hover , .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:visited , .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:active { border:0!important; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:active , .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u46c0dfcbfe016a5657f8a80c088dc11c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Crucible – Comparing Play And Movie Essay Paper Humans can not develop cancer by inhaling a little smoke that was already filtered twice, once by the filter on the end of my cigarette and once by my lungs. I feel that there is one more argument that I should acknowledge. This argument is as follows. Some people are going to say that I am bias because I am smoker and due to that fact my arguments hold no weight. Well to them I say try and find someone who is not bias in some sort of way on this issue. Nonsmokers are just as bias as smokers are on this subject. Therefore no one can provide a impartial argument for either side. As I try to imagine what the future is going to be like it looks worse and worse. If nonsmokers keep getting their way and pushing more and more legislation through the proper channels smokers will have all of their rights taken away and will be forced into seclusion and treated like alcoholics or heavy drug addicts. Smokers are already discriminated against enough, where does this insanity stop? This question will be answered by our future generations, I just hope that smokers are not flicked into the ashtray of society where the drug addicts and criminals dwell.